Víctimas de violencia doméstica y delitos criminales

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Víctimas de violencia doméstica y delitos criminales – Sí hay opciones para personas indocumentadas

28 de mayo de 2014

 

Existen varias opciones para aquellas víctimas de violencia doméstica u otros delitos graves que no tienen documentos legales en los E.E.U.U. para solicitar una visa o cambio de estatus.

 

Una opción es el estatus otorgado por la Visa U. El estatus no inmigrante U (también conocido como Visa U) es otorgado a personas que han sido víctimas de abuso físico o mental y están dispuestas a apoyar a las autoridades denunciado dicha actividad criminal ocurrida dentro de los E.E.U.U. La victima podrá incluir a miembros de su familia ya sea esposos, hijos, hermanas solteras y hermanos menores de 18 años, madre y padre.

 

El trámite para solicitar la Visa U debe de ser por medio de la Forma Migratoria I-918 entre otros requisitos. El o la solicitante deberá haber sufrido un sustancial abuso físico o mental provocado por una actividad criminal, en una o varias de las siguientes categorías: violación, tortura, incesto, violencia doméstica, asalto sexual, abuso sexual, explotación sexual, hostigamiento, trato de esclavo, secuestro, extorsión, asesinato, asalto criminal, manipulación de testigos, entre otros.

 

Las peticiones deberán incluir información de cómo las victimas podrán ayudar a los oficiales policiales, a un juez, u una agencia gubernamental proveyendo detalles del crimen. Una víctima puede participar en la investigación y/o la prosecución del individuo que cometió el crimen.

 

La victima además deberá de estar dispuesta a trabajar con los oficiales policiales, el juez, o la agencia gubernamental proveyendo información relacionada a al delito.

 

Parte del Formulario I-918 deberá ser certificado por un agente o autoridad federal local o estatal, o por un juez estatal o federal a cargo de la investigación donde el solicitante es la víctima. Tome en cuenta que sin esta certificación la solicitud de la Visa U no podrá tramitarse.

 

Sin embargo, la certificación por sí sola no garantiza la elegibilidad de todos los hechos a considerarse. La certificación individual deberá ser el eje para expedir la visa U y si en algún momento la víctima no coopera con los esfuerzos de la ley, la certificación será retirada. Para las víctimas de familiares inmediatos de ciudadano o residentes de los Estados Unidos existe el programa de VAWA (Violencia en contra de la mujer).

 

¿Cuál es la diferencia entre VAWA y la Visa U? La diferencia entre estos dos beneficios es que la Visa U requiere participación en la investigación o convicción de un crimen cometido en contra de la víctima pero no requiere que el agresor sea ciudadano americano o residente del país. El agresor puede ser indocumentado. Lo más importante es la ayuda proveída por la victima a las autoridades. Sin embargo, VAWA requiere que el agresor sea ciudadano americano o residente. Pero la víctima no necesariamente debe haber participado en la investigación o convicción del agresor.

 

La persona que ha a sido agredido o si a sufrido crueldad o abuso extremo por sus padres ciudadanos americanos o residentes también califica. También, usted puede aplicar si fue víctima de crueldad o abuso extremo por su hijo/a ciudadano americano mayor de 18 años. La diferencia es que el hijo/a agresor debe ser ciudadano americano y no residente permanente.

 

Para calificar para VAWA no es absolutamente necesario reportar el abuso a la policía, pero si es beneficial. La aplicación de VAWA requiere mucha evidencia del abuso. Usted tiene que comprobar que el abuso fue cruel y extremo. Debe incluir reportes de la policía, de investigadores, y/o records de corte. Si no los tiene, tendrá que suministrar cartas juradas de personas que tienen conocimiento propio del abuso y violencia.

 

Estas solo son algunas de las muchas preguntas que usted puede tener. Para más información sobre este tipo de caso contacte a un abogado de inmigración que le podrá aconsejar de la manera correcta.

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There are dozens of different types of visas available under the provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), but they can all be placed in one of two categories: immigrant and nonimmigrant visas. The former is for individuals who are hoping to establish permanent residency with a green card and perhaps even to pursue the path to naturalization and citizenship. The latter is for those who are only planning a temporary visit to the United States, such as for the purpose of conducting business or attending school.

The INA sets limits on the number of people who will be permitted to immigrate to the United States each year using certain types of visas, while other visas are unlimited. Family immigration visas for the immediate relatives of U.S. citizens are available on an unlimited basis, while there are annual quotas set for the relatives of lawful permanent residents and extended family of citizens, with a maximum quota of 480,000. The number of employment immigration visas is limited to 140,000 per year.

Pathways to citizenship include service in the United States military and adoption, but a large percentage of all people who become citizens do so through the process of naturalization. The basic qualifications for naturalization include:

  • Living in the U.S. as a permanent resident for 5 years (or 3 years for a spouse of a U.S. citizen)
  • Being at least 18 years of age
  • Living within the state where you will apply for citizenship for at least 3 months prior to the application date
  • Being physically present in this country for at least half of the past 5 years
  • Maintaining continuous residence in this country from the date you submit your application for naturalization
  • Being able to read, write and speak English
  • Have a basic understanding of U.S. government and civics

It is also necessary to supply evidence that you are a person of good moral character and are attached to the principles of the U.S. Constitution. We can assist you with proving these factors, as well as preparing your petition and helping you get ready for the tests.

In June of 2012, the Obama Administration directed the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to begin applying a policy that is referred to as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). Under deferred action, DHS is exercising discretion in its execution of the laws concerning deportation and removal of immigrants who are illegally present in the United States. Deferred action is not a change to the existing law, but is instead a change in the way that the law is being applied. You may qualify for relief under DACA if you were younger than 31 years of age on June 15, 2012, came to the U.S. before your 16th birthday, have continuously resided in this country since June 15, 2007 and are either currently in school or have already graduated from high school or earned your general education development (GED) certificate, among other criteria. With deferred action, you may be able to avoid being deported, though it does not grant any change of immigration status.

In its review of immigrant visa petitions, the U.S. Citizenship & Immigration Services (USCIS) weighs factors related to the ties that the prospective immigrant has in the United States and the reasons why he or she wants or needs to come to live in this country. For example, a family immigration petition will not be approved unless the foreign national has immediate relatives such as a spouse, mother or father, child or sibling already living here as a citizen or green card holder. An employment immigration petition is more likely to receive approval if the applicant has a job offer in this country and is coming to fill a position that cannot reasonably be filled from the local labor market. A foreign national who is fleeing persecution in his or her home country may be granted an immigrant visa as a refugee or asylee.

There are many strategies for challenging a removal action. If the proposed deportation is based on a criminal conviction, it may be possible to appeal the conviction in order to have it overturned. Another option is to petition for cancellation of removal, a type of immigration relief which is available to people who are of good moral character and whose deportation would subject a family member who is a citizen or permanent resident to extreme hardship. The key to success in stopping deportation is to take immediate action by hiring a Virginia immigration attorney from our firm as soon as possible. Contact us now at Fayad Law, P.C. for a confidential consultation and to let us get started on your case!

Fayad Law, P.C. maintains offices in Richmond and Fairfax, Virginia. We work with individuals, families, and businesses across the world, providing them with assistance in resolving the legal issues involved with helping their loved ones and employees to immigrate to the United States. We work directly with foreign nationals living abroad, guiding them through the process of obtaining immigrant and nonimmigrant visas for entry to the U.S.

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